Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan, a state in North Western region of India. Rajasthan is the biggest state in the country and the name means the Land of Kings (Raja = King & Sthan = Place).
Jaipur is named after the King Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of the city. It is famous as a tourist destination for its palaces and forts. There are other specialties like handicraft, jewellery, garments, precious & coloured stones, furnishings and other craft items, which make Jaipur a shopping haven.
Jaipur is among the first planned cities in modern Asia, with straight roads cutting each other at right angles, wide streets and numerous temples. It is said that there is a temple at every 100 meters in Jaipur and it is second only to Varanasi in the number of temples in any city.
If Jaipur were a country, it will be the 130th most populous country in the world with about 4.5 million people. It is almost as big as Cleveland, OH (200 sqkm) and is surrounded by hills from three sides.